The Netherlands Commercial Court is a new international commercial court which opened its doors in Amsterdam on 1 January 2019. According to the Rule of Law Index of the World Justice Project, Dutch civil courts are among the most reputable in the world. In addition, the efficiency of Dutch civil procedural law contributes to the Dutch courts’ vast experience in dealing with international commercial matters. The distinguishing feature of the new Netherlands Commercial Court is that the proceedings will be conducted – and the judgment rendered – entirely in English. Furthermore, the applicable procedural rules of the Netherlands Commercial Court provide the flexibility for proceedings to be conducted either in the civil law tradition or in a manner more similar to proceedings in common law jurisdictions or international arbitration. By providing this flexibility, the aim is to make proceedings recognisable for international parties.
This Ars Aequi Privaatrecht cahier contains all relevant information concerning the Netherlands Commercial Court, including the reasons for, and background of its establishment, potential benefits as well as possible issues.
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1. Introduction - What is the Netherlands Commercial Court?
2. Key characteristics of the Netherlands Commercial Court
2.1. English language
2.1.1. Language of the legal proceedings
2.1.2. Decisions in English, with the exception of the Dutch Supreme Court
2.1.3. Exceptions to the use of English
2.2. Jurisdiction: international civil and commercial matters and annulment of arbitral awards
2.2.2. International civil or commercial matters
2.2.3. Annulment of arbitral awards
2.2.4. Model-form choice of forum provision
2.3. NCC, NCCA, Supreme Court and CSP
2.3.1. First instance: NCC
2.3.2. Court in Summary Proceedings (CSP)
2.3.3. Appeal: NCCA
2.3.4. Supreme Court appeal
2.3.5. Preliminary questions to the Supreme Court
2.3.6. Prorogation of jurisdiction
2.4. Composition of the Netherlands Commercial Court: specialised three-judge panel
2.5. Amendable rules of procedure
2.6. Duration of legal proceedings
2.7.1. Fixed court fees
2.7.2. Limited adverse costs awards
2.7.3. Agreement on costs between the parties
2.7.4. Contingency fees
3. Basic procedure of the Netherlands Commercial Court
3.2. Basic procedure
3.2.1. Writ of summons / Document initiating proceedings
3.2.2. Statement of defence
3.2.3. Case management hearings and a dedicated judge for each case
3.2.4. Second round of submissions and oral arguments?
3.2.5. Preliminary procedural issues
3.2.6. Time limits
3.2.7. Transcripts and court reporters
3.2.8. Electronic communication via eNCC-portal
4.1. Alignment with international arbitration and existing commercial courts?
4.2. Some Dutch law aspects on the taking of evidence
4.2.2. Burden of proof
4.2.3. Document disclosure
4.2.4. Preliminary witness hearings
4.3. Legislative initiatives concerning evidence in Dutch civil proceedings
5. Appeal and Supreme Court appeal
5.2. Supreme Court appeal
6. Interim relief proceedings
7.3. Judgment, submissions and other written documents
7.4. Confidentiality obligations
7.5. Refusal to disclose certain information pending legal proceedings
7.6. Confidentiality pursuant to EU-Directives on trade secrets and competition law
8. Recognition and enforcement of decisions
9. Third Parties versus voluntary jurisdiction of the NCC
9.2. General: voluntary and involuntary joinder of third parties pursuant to DCCP
9.3. Third parties joining pending cases before Netherlands Commercial Court
10. Representation by non-Dutch qualified lawyers?
10.1. Representation by Dutch and visiting European lawyers
10.2. Conditions for visiting European lawyers
11. Other international commercial court initiatives
11.5. Statistics: cases pending before international commercial courts
11.6. High level comparison table
12.1. Benefit over international arbitration?
12.2. Only relevant in cases governed by Dutch law?
12.3. Should countries be competing to create the most attractive forum for litigation?
12.4. Creation of an ‘elite’ court within the Dutch court system?
Verschijningsvorm: Digitale uitgaven (download pdf)
Auteur(s): M. Kuijpers
1e druk 2019
CSP NCC NCCA Netherlands Commercial Court
Burgerlijk recht Burgerlijk procesrechtOndernemingsrecht
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